The hotel was made famous by the gatherings of a witty group of writers, editors, and actors who came each day for lunch. They became known as the Algonquin Round Table or as they might tell you, the Vicious Circle.
Case managed the Algonquin, buying it in 1927. It is Case who is credited with the first "round" table. In the beginning, the group dined in what would become known as the Oak Room and they were seated at conventional tables as if they were any diners. As the group grew, the rectangle table became increasingly cumbersome and the the group was moved to the Rose Room where Case installed a round table.
|"A Vicious Circle" by Natalie Ascencios|
They began meeting after John Peter Toohey, a theatrical agent, became angry at Alexander Woollcott for refusing to write about Eugene O'Neill, one of Toohey's clients. Toohey decided to invite Woollcott to lunch as a "thank you" while secretly planning on having Woollcott made fun of. Of course, Woollcott loved it and began regular lunch meetings that became daily events.
Case oversaw the kitchen and collected the recipes in Feeding the Lions. He attributes the title to Edna Ferber. Ferber writes in the cookbook:
"Highly spiced dishes happen to be my particular weakness and, at the same time, on my dietary taboo list. I manage to be stern with myself, except on those occasions when I lunch at the Algonquin. After looking at all the dishes that I might and should order,I take those curried shrimps with rice that the Algonquin chef does so tantalizingly."
Curry of Fresh Shrimp
2 lbs. raw shrimp (or 1lb. cooked, shelled shrimp)
2 tablespoons butter
1 1.2 tablespoons curry powder
1/2 cup white wine
3 cups rich cream sauce
Prepare 3 cups rich cream sauce, using half cream and half milk.
Boil the raw shrimp in salted water for 5 minutes and allow them to cool. Peel and remove the dark intestinal tract.
Saute them for 5 minutes in 2 tablespoons butter, add the curry powder and the wine and simmer for 5 minutes. Add to the cream sauce, mix thoroughly and cook for 5 minutes.
Taste for seasoning.
Serve with rice pilaf and chutney. Grated fresh coconut and chopped toasted almonds are traditional accompaniments.
In 1987, Aviva Slesin won the Academy Award for Best Documentary for The Ten-Year Lunch: The Wit and Legend of the Algonquin Round Table. Unfortunately, it has been out of print for years, but recently turned up on YouTube. The Alan Ruldoph film, Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle is a pretty good fictional depiction of the era, and an excellent look at the evolving "round" table of Frank Case.
In 1998, The Algonquin received a much needed face-lift and the Rose Room was eliminated. In 2005 the Algonquin produced a new menu incorporating many of the favorites in Frank Case's cookbook.
In this day and age one might ponder if the round table seated a truly vicious circle. Groucho Marx, brother of regular Harpo, was never comfortable with the luncheon regulars. A quick wit who possessed his own biting repartee, Groucho Marx said of the Round Table, "The price of admission is a serpent's tongue and a half-concealed stiletto."